His sympathies were with nature and his fellow-men. The poem articulated the vision and fervor of a young revolutionary generation. He had been sent to a Latin school in Penelope, New Jersey, headed by the Reverend Alexander Mitchell, a friend of John Witherspoon, the newly appointed president of the College of New Jersey now Princeton Universitysubsequently one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence.
I gave him an earnest welcome. Freneau poked fun at Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton as a would-be king and worked hard to shape public opinion on republican principles.
Thus, paradoxically, in the "poet of the revolution" set sail for the West Indies where he spent two years writing of the beauties of nature and learning navigation. One of these, a veteran mammy, proud of having opened the door in her day to General Washington, and been addressed by him in a word or two on that important occasion, long survived the poet.
It is, at any rate, all that now can be rescued from the past. His appreciation of nature is tender and sympathetic, —one of the pure springs which fed the more boisterous current of his humour when he came out among men, to deal with quackery, pretence, and injustice.
After another decade of feverish public action, Freneau withdrew again inwhen Jefferson was elected president. His jests are sometimes misdirected; and his verses are unequal in execution.
Pierre Fresneau Philip would change the spelling of the family surname carried on this business with his brother, but upon his marriage to Agnes Watson he commenced his interest in the dry goods business.
This partisan newspaper, The National Gazetteprovided a vehicle for Jefferson, Madison, and others to promote criticism of the rival Federalists.
Owing to The Gazette's frequent attacks on his administration and himself, Washington took a particular dislike to Freneau.
Sources Jeffersonian editor and poet Patriot. This sparked the previously defunct Well Meaning Society to resurface and rename themselves the Cliosophic Society, thus formally reigniting the Princeton literary wars between the Whigs and Tories. In he wrote an almanac which sold well.
The romantic private poet within him struggled against his public role. His friends Madison and Jefferson persuaded him to set up his own newspaper in Philadelphia to counter the powerful Hamiltonian paper of John Fenno. Though he was a serious student of theology and a stern moralist all his life, Freneau found his true calling in literature.
He was free of all ambitious displays; his habitual expression was pensive. Dealing with facts and realities, and the life around him, wherever he was, his writings have still an interest where the vague expressions of other poets are forgotten. He married Eleanor Forman and tried to withdraw to a quiet job as an assistant editor in New York.
In he published a new collection, the fourth, of his writings, which he entitled, "Poems Written and Published during the American Revolutionary War, and now Republished from the Original Manuscripts; interspersed with Translations from the Ancients, and other pieces not heretfore in print.
Both the father and grandfather of Philip Freneau are buried in a vault in Trinity Churchyard, New York, by the side of their family relations. There he was confined on his arrival in the Scorpion, one of the hulks lying in the harbour used as prisonships. Writing career[ edit ] Following his graduation, he tried his hand at teaching, but quickly gave it up.
As usual, his part was well done, the journal being well arranged, judiciously filled with a variety of matter, spirited and entertaining; in fact, what its title promised, an agreeable companion to an intelligent reader.
Known as the poet of the American Revolution, Philip Freneau was influenced by both the political situation of his time and the full, active life he led.
He attended Princeton University, where James Madison was his roommate, and planned to become a minister. Philip Freneau: Philip Freneau, American poet, essayist, and editor, known as the “poet of the American Revolution.” After graduating from Princeton University inFreneau taught school and studied for the ministry until the outbreak of the American.
The Philip Freneau: Poems Community Note includes chapter-by-chapter summary and analysis, character list, theme list, historical context, author biography and quizzes written by.
Philip Morin Freneau (January 2, – December 18, ) was an American poet, nationalist, polemicist, sea captain and newspaper editor sometimes called the "Poet of the American Revolution".Through his newspaper he was a strong critic of George Washington.
Biography of Philip Freneau Philip Freneau was born in New York of Huguenot ancestry inand died near Freehold, New Jersey, in Well versed in the classics in Monmouth County under the tutelage of William Tennent, Philip entered Princeton as a sophomore inbut the joy of the occasion was marred by his father's financial losses and death the year before.
The Philip Freneau: Poems Community Note includes chapter-by-chapter summary and analysis, character list, theme list, historical context, author biography and quizzes written by community members like you.An introduction to the life of philip freneau